Anyone who has been stealing must steal no longer, but must work, doing something useful with their own hands, that they may have something to share with those in need.

Ephesians 4:28

 

Years ago, my wife and I lived next door to her father. Because he was retired, he spent quite a bit of time working in his yard. When I saw him doing something like mowing the lawn, I’d shout over the fence, “What are you doing over there?” Inevitably, he’d respond, “Working hard; hardly working.” I think he meant something like, “Yes, I’m working hard in a way. But I’m also enjoying the freedom in my retirement to putter around in my yard, to work whenever I want to, and to be my own boss. This feels more like play than work.”

Ephesians 4:28craft table with supplies affirms the value of working hard. This verse says that thieves – and, by implication, all of us – should work hard. You don’t see the implication of the whole community in our translation, but it is clear in the original language. The NIV says that people “must work, doing something useful with their own hands.” The Greek verb translated here as “must work” suggests not just any quality of work, but hard work in particular.

If you were to look up this verb, kopiao, in a Greek-English dictionary, you’d find translations such as, “become weary, become tired, exert oneself, work hard, toil, struggle.” Paul often uses kopiao in reference to his demanding work as an apostle (1 Corinthians 15:10; Philippians 2:16). Work is often hard—whether mowing the lawn or planting a church. It can be exhausting. It can demand mental, emotional, spiritual, and physical investment and leave us tired in body and soul.

Ephesians 4:28 doesn’t explain why we should work hard. But its imperative grows out of the broader biblical understanding of work. You and I as human beings were created to work, to use our full capacities in order to ensure that God’s creation functions as it is supposed to, leading to fruitful living for all creatures (Genesis 1:27-28). Of course when sin entered in work became more difficult and painful. Yet, this does not mean that all hard work is wrong or to be avoided. In fact, some of the most rewarding experiences of life come as we invest our full energies in a worthwhile project.

Moreover, the context of Ephesians 4:28 reminds us that working hard is part and parcel of putting on the new self in Christ (Ephesians 4:24). God, who has created us anew in Christ for good works (Ephesians 2:10), expects us to do these with energy. Through our hard work not only do we find fulfillment but we also do that which God has ordained for us, offering our whole lives to him in worship (Romans 12:1-2).

Something to Think About:

Can you think of times in your life when you have worked especially hard and when your hard work was especially meaningful?

When might hard work not be honoring to God?

Are you able to offer your work to God today, whatever that work might be?

Something to Do:

The next you find yourself working hard, either at your paid job or in some other context, offer your work to God. See if you can pray, “Lord, I’m working hard for you right now.”

Prayer:

Gracious God, thank you for creating me with the capacity to work. Thank you for inviting me to participate in your work in this world. Thank you for reminding me today that I can honor you by working hard. Help me to offer to you all that I do today. May I work hard, using energetically the gifts, talents, and opportunities you have given me. May it all be for your glory. Amen.

 

Explore more at the Theology of Work Project online commentary:
Working Hard for Good and for Giving (Ephesians 4:28)